Fungi are eukaryotic creatures including both single-celled organisms such as yeast as well as multicellular organisms such as fungi and mushrooms or toadstools. Fungi multiply and spread through sexual and vegetative propagation by spores.
An infectious disease caused by fungi is referred to as mycosis or fungal disease. In a human mycosis the fungal pathogens lives parasitically from or in the living tissue of humans. A distinction is made between dermatophytes (filamentous fungi), yeasts (yeasts) and molds. After the localization itself mycoses can be divided into superficial and systemic fungal infections. The superficial mycoses are fungal skin infections (caused by dermatophytes). In systemic mycoses fungi enter the bloodstream and infect the internal organs. Systemic mycoses are serious illnesses and usually infest among people with a very weakened immune systems.
Patients with invasive fungal infections are cared for either in the ambulance or in the context of our infectious diseases consultation service. The Dermatology colleagues are responsible for the treatment of superficial mycoses.